1778 Carothers to Wharton

Lt. Carothers to Pres. Wharton, 1778

Carlisle, April 24, 1778


          I Recd your Letter of the 17th Instant, and am heartely sorrey that the State of Pennsylvania in general, & this County in particular, should be found so extreamly backward in marching out in Defence of rights so invaluable as those for which the Americans are now contending, when one manly effort would, in all human probability, work out our political Salvation.  Since I received the order of Council, for the immediate march of the seventh and eight classes of this county, I have done every thing in my power to induce them to turn out, but notwithstanding my Diligence, with the assistance of many other Spirited friends to our American Cause, we have been Greatly Disappointed; about 370 privates, exclusive of officers, is now on their way to camp, the marching classes of the fifth Battalion I have been obliged to send up to Sinking Valley & Bald Eagle, which will amount to nearly 70 privates – the fronteers in those parts have been greatly alarmed of Late by a number of Tories who have Banded together, threatning vengence to all who have Taken the Oath of Aleigance to the States.  This moment I Recd an express from Kishycoquilles for a supply of arms, & that Col. McLevy, of Bedford County, came there express himself with an account, that a body of Tories, near 320, in and above Standing Stone, had collected themselves together & Drove a number of the inhabitants from Standing Stone Town.  Immediately Col. Buchanan & Col. Brown marched off with a few men who Could be got equipt, we are waiting with impatience the issue.  I have applied to the Board of War for some amunition, which I have sent up with 18 muskets, the property of this State, which, with some arms which General Roberdeau took up to those parts lately, will, I expect, be sufficient to arm those Classes – wither this force will be sufficient for the present exegencey I know not.  I look upon myself not sufficiently authorised to Call any more Classes of militia, if needed, without an order of Council for that purpose, in the mean time we think it our Duty to Do every thing in our power to bring those Deluded people to Justice.  I expect every moment an account from Col. Buchanan, the particulars of which I intend to transmit to Council in hope of their Instruction in the matter.  The present hury of buisness has prevented my getting the returns called for by the order of Council of ye 2d Instant, as far forward as I expected – the resolves of Assembly, for raising the quota of this State for the Continental army, & the manner for compleating it, is Generally objected against in this County.  I fear it will be Defecult to carry it into execution here.  I have not room to mention any of the objections.

                   I am, Sir, with respect,

                             Your very Humble Servant,

                                      Jno Carothers, L.C.C.


          To His Excellency Thomas Wharton, Junr., Esqr., President of the Executive Council of Pennsylvania.